Weight-loss surgery: Weighing the benefits for a better life
Do you sometimes envision life without excess weight?
Jiashou "Jimmy" Xu, MD
Q. Am I a candidate?
You may be if you're severely overweight. This generally means you have a body mass index (BMI) of at least 40. Or you have a BMI of at least 35 plus a weight-related health problem, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, or sleep apnea. Check your BMI.
"Generally, surgery is considered when it's unlikely a person can achieve a healthy weight with other weight-loss strategies," says Mustafa Ahmed, MD, another bariatric surgeon at the Weight Loss Surgery Center at St. Rose Dominican. "You also must be committed to making lasting lifestyle changes to help keep the weight off."
Q. Can surgery help with type 2 diabetes?
Mustafa Ahmed, MD
Yes. Research shows that bariatric surgery often makes the disease go into remission. What's more, even when diabetes doesn't disappear, the surgery still tends to help by:
- Improving diabetes-related health problems
- Lowering blood sugar
- Reducing the amount of diabetes medicine needed
Q. What changes will I need to make afterward?
To succeed at long-term weight control, you'll need to:
- Eat small, frequent meals.
- Make healthy foods a priority. You may need to take vitamins and minerals.
- Get regular exercise.
Weight-loss surgery: Two common types
1. Gastric bypass. Surgeons shrink the stomach to about the size of a thumb and shorten the path food takes through the small intestine. This limits the calories your body absorbs. You'll also feel full after eating only small amounts of food.
2. Gastric sleeve. This surgery also shrinks the stomach, transforming it into a narrow tube and—like gastric bypass—limiting food intake. Your substantially smaller stomach will also produce less of the hormone responsible for hunger.
Talk with our experts.
Get all the information you need at our upcoming Weight-Loss Surgery Seminars.